Understanding Epigenetics and Trauma Recovery

By Karen Robinson

Heal Thrive Dream 

When you think of trauma, do you focus only on the psychological and emotional aspects? I know I used to until I learned about the field of epigenetics. The best way I can attempt to describe, is to point out that trauma goes much deeper, influencing the very way our genes operate. At first, this sounded complex and scary to me, but upon further study, I learned the field of epigenetics is crucial in understanding and healing from trauma. Recognizing the role of epigenetics is a powerful step toward your recovery, healing, and transformation.

What is Epigenetics?


Epigenetics is the study of how your behaviors and environment can cause changes that affect the way your genes function in your body. Unlike genetics, epigenetic changes are reversible and do not change your DNA sequence, but can change the way your body reads a DNA sequence. Think of your DNA as a book about your cells. While the words in the book (your DNA sequence) remain the same, epigenetics can put bookmarks, highlights, or notes in the margins, changing how the book is read. How cool is that?

The Connection Between Epigenetics and Trauma

When you experiences trauma, it can leave a mark not only on your psychological well-being but also on how your genes are expressed (genetic expression.) This means that the traumatic event can lead to changes in how certain genes are expressed. These changes can affect you in various ways, including your stress response, mood regulation, and even your physical health. Read on to understand the importance of healing in community. Hopefully, my blog post will inspire you not to give up on your efforts to heal yourself and future generations.

Healing Through Understanding

For survivors of trauma, understanding the role of epigenetics can be empowering. It shows that the effects of trauma are not only deep but also potentially reversible. This knowledge opens the door to healing and recovery methods that can rewrite the narrative of one’s genetic expression. Doesn’t this sound miraculous? Our bodies are truly amazing. Yes, even your body. Even with its aches and pains

Steps Toward Healing and Recovery

Facilitating a Supportive Environment for Healing

The first step is recognizing and accepting the existence of trauma in your family history. It's about facing the pain, not running from it. Many of us will choose to diminish or stuff the pain with food, drugs, and other addictions. This is the band-aid approach. If only it truly worked.

Healing is not just an individual journey; it’s a collective one. Communities and support groups provide a space for sharing experiences and strategies for coping. Organizations like mine, Heal Thrive Dream offers courses, coaching, and forums that empower survivors through their healing journey, fostering a sense of hope and community.

Improving Behavioral and Lifestyle Changes

Most therapists (not just who are trauma competent) encourage and support changes in your behavior and lifestyle habits leading to improved overall health and well-being. These changes, such as increased physical activity, improved sleep, meditation, and healthier nutrition, positively influence your epigenetic markers. For instance, regular exercise and a healthy diet can modify your epigenetic patterns associated with inflammation and metabolic processes. Isn’t it worth a try?

Professional Support

I would be remiss if I didn’t state the importance of therapy. Yes, I know there are many therapists out there that are not a good fit for you for a variety of reasons. I encourage you to engage with therapists who understand the deep-seated impacts of trauma. Another words, they aren’t just trauma informed, but are trauma competent. Professionals like myself, with extensive experience in trauma recovery, can provide the support and guidance needed to navigate complex trauma.

Your therapy post-trauma is a critical component your healing process, providing a structured and supportive environment for you to process and recover while feeling safe, validated, and respected. The connection between therapy, trauma recovery, and epigenetics has become increasingly apparent as more and more research has become public. Therapy can influence epigenetic changes, thereby contributing to the healing process on a biological level. Here's how therapy post-trauma can help your epigenetics (sorry, this part is a bit nerdy):

Altering Stress-Related Gene Expression

Traumatic experiences often lead to a prolonged stress response, which can alter gene expression, particularly in systems related to stress and emotion regulation. Therapy can empower you to develop coping strategies and resilience, reducing the physiological stress response. This reduction in stress can lead to changes in your epigenetic regulation of genes involved in the stress response, reversing some of the negative epigenetic impacts of trauma. Please remember, if you don’t practice the coping skills, then of course your progress will be limited. Yes, I am talking about myself here too.

Promoting Positive Epigenetic Modifications

Therapeutic modalities, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based therapies, promote positive changes in thought patterns and emotional responses. Healthy thought patterns influence epigenetic markers, particularly in genes related to mood regulation and cognitive function. By fostering a more positive/healthy outlook and reducing symptoms of depression and/or anxiety, therapy can encourage beneficial epigenetic modifications.

Enhancing Neuroplasticity and Brain Function

Therapy can promote neuroplasticity, the brain's ability to form new neural connections and pathways. Trauma can affect brain areas like the amygdala (involved in fear responses) and the prefrontal cortex (involved in decision-making and emotional regulation). By facilitating new learning and coping mechanisms, therapy can lead to changes in brain function and structure, is associated with epigenetic changes in brain cells. This blows my mind!

Since trauma can affect your brain structure and function, particularly in areas related to your memory, emotions, and self-awareness, it makes sense that meditation promotes neuroplasticity - the brain's ability to form new connections and pathways. This can lead to changes in brain regions affected by trauma, such as the amygdala, prefrontal cortex, and hippocampus. By fostering a more resilient brain, meditation can potentially influence epigenetic markers related to brain health and cognitive function.

Mindfulness and Meditation

Practices like mindfulness and meditation impact your mental state, potentially influencing your epigenetic changes. By reducing your stress and promoting a state of calm, these practices can increase not only your coping, but also rewire your body’s response to past trauma.

Meditation is an ancient practice that is a gift that keeps on giving. The benefits of meditation are to vast to list out here, but I want to particularly focus on trauma healing and the influence meditation has on your epigenetics. Traditionally, meditation has been viewed through a spiritual or mental health lens, meditation is now understood to have biological effects, particularly on the epigenetic processes that are influenced by trauma. Here's how meditation can help:

Decreasing Stress-Induced Epigenetic Changes

Your traumatic experiences understandably lead to chronic stress, which induces negative epigenetic changes. Stress affects the way your genes are expressed, particularly genes involved in the stress response, immune function, and inflammation. Meditation activates the body's relaxation response, countering stress, and potentially reversing your stress-induced epigenetic changes. This reversal reduces the production of stress hormones like cortisol, which, when chronically elevated, can lead to harmful epigenetic modifications. Cortisol is not the only stress hormone impacted.

Positive Epigenetic Alterations

Meditation is known to promote psychological and spiritual well-being, and also recognized for its ability to bring about positive biological changes at the genetic level. There are numerous research reports, studies and books written on this (see the work of Jon Kabat-Zinn for examples of physical healing). Meditation practices lead to changes in gene expression, particularly in genes related to inflammation and immune function. For instance, meditation has been associated with decreased activity of NF-kB, a molecule that plays a key role in triggering inflammation at the genetic level (https://www.snpedia.com/index.php/SNPedia).

Emotional Regulation

Meditation practices, especially mindfulness, will improve your emotional regulation (if you commit to daily or regular practice). Start with observing your thoughts and feelings without judgment, reducing your emotional reactivity which is often associated with trauma. Your emotional stability can lead to changes in your gene expression patterns, particularly in genes involved in the stress response and mood regulation.

Improving Sleep and Circadian Rhythms

Trauma frequently disrupts sleep and circadian rhythms, which in turn can lead to adverse epigenetic changes. Meditation and mindfulness practices improve sleep quality and regulate circadian rhythms. Improving your sleep aids in the healing of trauma which also leads to more favorable epigenetic patterns related to sleep-wake cycles, mood regulation, and immune function.

Meditation offers a powerful, non-invasive, and accessible way to support healing from trauma. And it is free! Or you can invest in an app on your phone. By reducing your anxiety, promoting positive epigenetic changes, enhancing your brain plasticity, improving emotional regulation, and supporting healthy sleep habits, meditation plays a crucial role in the journey of healing from trauma. Meditation is a practice that bridges your mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical pillars. Meditation also offering a holistic approach to recovery and well-being. As you continue to understand more about the intricate relationship between your environment, your behaviors, and your genetic expression, practices like meditation stand out as valuable tool in nurturing your holistic health needs.

Nutrition and Physical Health

What you eat and how you take care of your body can influence epigenetic changes. Balanced meals regular physical activity, and sufficient sleep can improve your overall well-being, supporting the body’s natural healing process.

Here is a deeper dive for any of my readers who want to “nerd out” on epigenetics.

Nutrition and Its Impact on Epigenetics: Nourishing Beyond the Surface

Nutrition plays a pivotal role in our health, affecting our weight, mood, and energy levels. However, its influence goes deeper, reaching the core of our genetic expression. This is where the fascinating world of epigenetics and nutrition intersect, offering insights into how what we eat can affect our genes and, consequently, our overall well-being.

The Link Between Nutrition and Epigenetics

Nutrients as Epigenetic Modulators

Certain nutrients are known to be powerful epigenetic modulators. These include (not exclusive):

  • Folate and B Vitamins: These nutrients are vital for a process called methylation, a key epigenetic mechanism. Methylation involves adding a methyl group to DNA, which changes the activity of a DNA segment without changing its sequence. By influencing methylation, folate and B vitamins affect gene expression and potentially lower the risk of certain diseases.
  •  Polyphenols: Found in fruits, vegetables, tea, and wine, polyphenols can influence epigenetic marks. For instance, resveratrol, a type of polyphenol found in grapes, has been shown to activate certain genes that fight disease and aging.
  • Bioactive Compounds: Compounds like genistein in soy and sulforaphane in cruciferous vegetables can modify epigenetic marks and potentially reduce the risk of cancer.

(This isn’t medical advice. I’m not a Doctor or a Nutritionist - please do your own research and consult with your medical providers when making dietary decisions).

The Double-Edged Sword of Nutrition and Epigenetics

While nutrition can positively influence epigenetics, the reverse is also true. Poor dietary decisions can lead to negative epigenetic changes, increasing your risk of chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and even cancer. For instance, diets high in processed foods and sugar often lead to changes that promote inflammation and disease progression.

Personalized Nutrition: Tailoring Diet to Genes

Understanding the relationship between nutrition and epigenetics opens the door to your personalized nutrition (Check out our podcast episode with Dr. Dunn of Happy Genes). Tailoring your nutrition based on your genetic makeup will optimize your health outcomes. By considering your individual differences in gene expression and how your genes respond to various nutrients, means that you can personalize your nutrition plan and thus be more effective in following the dietary recommendations for improving your health and prevent or reverse disease.

The role of nutrition in epigenetics is a testament to the interconnectedness of our diet, genes, and overall wellness. Your nutrition is not just a source of energy but is also a key modulator of your genetic blueprint. By making informed dietary choices, you can potentially influence your gene expression in a way that promotes your health and vitality. As researchers continue to unravel the complexities of the relationship between nutrition and epigenetics, is will become even more clear that what we put on our plate goes beyond mere sustenance; but also shapes our genetic destiny.

A Holistic Approach

Your healing from trauma is multifaceted, involving your mind, body, and soul. A holistic approach, considering all aspects of your life and well-being, can be highly effective in your recovery. This approach aligns with the mission of Heal Thrive Dream, as we aim to empower trauma survivors through our therapy and coaching programs.

The field of epigenetics profoundly impacts our ability to heal from past traumas. Your past may leave deep scars, not just in your memories, but in the very way your genes function. However, with this knowledge comes hope – the hope of healing, recovery, and transformation. By taking proactive steps and utilizing supportive resources,, you can continue on your journey of healing, rewriting your story at the genetic level. With each step in your recovery, you will move closer to a life defined not by past trauma, but by resilience, strength, and renewal.

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Karen Robinson

  Karen Robinson  

About the Author

I'm licensed therapist with 25 years of clinical experience. Service driven, specializing in trauma recovery, anxiety, and depression, holistic care, and transformation to create an impact for trauma survivors globally. Services include coaching, therapy, virtual courses, digital products, and on-line memberships.

Are you a survivor in need of HOPE?